Writers often seek options for word processing software, either to save money, increase functionality, or both.
Many writers extol the virtues of Scrivener for content creation, especially novelists. It costs much less than Microsoft Word and, since Scrivener is designed for writers, it has powerful features that creatives crave.
Another option of increasing popularity is Google Docs. It’s free. And your files are online, so you can access them from any internet-connected computer.
Nonetheless, whatever alternative tool you use for writing, be sure it can output in Microsoft Word format (Scrivener can) because almost all publishers require a Word file submission. In addition, all editors I’ve worked within the past twenty years have used Word (except for one who edited a printout).
However, instead of buying Microsoft Word (or Microsoft Office) for hundreds of dollars, get Office 365 and pay a low monthly subscription fee—less than a coffee or two a month. As a bonus, you’ll always have the latest version.
Many beginning writers wonder about point of view in writing and which should they use. Though there are many books written on this subject, here’s a brief overview.
Note that most people use perspective and point of view interchangeably—that’s what I learned in High School English—but others make a distinction between them, claiming that point of view is the correct term for this discussion.
Here is a brief, basic overview of perspectives/points of view.
First Person Point of View
First-person perspective uses I, as in I said… or I went…
For example, I went to the bookstore to buy the latest book by my favorite author.
Second Person Point of View
Second person perspective uses you, as You said… or You went…
For example, you go to the store to buy a journal and pen.
Second person is hard to write (and to read), so most authors avoid it. As an exercise, I wrote a piece of flash fiction in the second person, present tense. It was tedious.
Third Person Point of View
The third-person perspective uses he, she, and they, as in He said… or They went…
For example. They went to a book signing to see the famous author.
Two Types of Third-Person Points of View
There are two flavors of third-person: Limited (only what the point of view character can observe or think) and Omniscient (where the narrator knows what everyone thinks).
For each of these four options there are two choices: present tense (what is happening now) and past tense (what has already happened). This results in eight possible combinations to consider, but eliminating the second person and third-person omniscient, cuts our considerations down to four.
Past tense is easier to use, and the first person is more natural for most writers. After all, when we tell stories about ourselves to our friends, we use the first person, past tense.
Beginning writers should start with first person perspective, past tense, as in “I wondered which point of view I should use.” Then try third person, past tense, if you wish.
Microsoft Word is expensive, but it is also the de facto standard for writing and publishing. I urge you to use it if possible. Even so, consider these word processing options.
As an alternative to purchasing Word (or Office), you can check out Office 365. It includes Word, but instead of buying the software for several hundred dollars, you pay a small monthly fee. As a benefit, you are always on the latest version, and depending on the license, you may get to put it on multiple computers.
Other Word Processing Options
If you pick another word processor, make sure it can output files in a .docx format (Microsoft’s Word format). Always submit your work as a .docx file.
Scrivner, a popular writing tool designed for how writers think and work, is gaining popularity. It can also output a .docx file, as well as many other formats.
Another word processing option is Google Docs, but Microsoft Word remains the industry standard—and my recommendation.
Have you ever wondered if you have a marketable book? Most people have, especially anyone who wants to make a living from writing.
You can pay someone
to give you their opinion on what’s marketable before spending hours writing.
Although you can do internet searches to find them, I recommend going
to the websites of agents you respect. Some provide writer services on the side
and would gladly charge you a fee to offer their opinion on if you have a
marketable book. Other sites provide lists of respected service providers.
operative word here is an opinion. Aside from some basic book tips, the best anyone can do is offer
their opinion. Ask two people, and you will likely get two opinions. Often they
may conflict with each other.
Consider all the stories we hear about agents and editors rejecting submissions, based on their opinions that the novel won’t sell. But then after twenty, forty, or even more rejections, it crosses one person’s desk who doesn’t reject it. In her opinion it’s marketable. Sometimes that proves correct and becomes a best seller.
All of this to say, you can ask around and even pay for advice from someone to tell you if you have a marketable book idea. But in the end, just go with your gut and write what you’re passionate about.
Each chapter in my friend’s book starts with a quotation. Most of the quotes came from internet sites. She wonders if she needs to include a page citing sources where she obtained each quote. Here’s what I said to her.
For Traditionally Published Books
For traditionally published books, your publisher will have its own requirements for you to follow. And each publisher likely has a different approach. In addition, they also have a legal team that will help keep you and them out of legal trouble.
In general, they will want you to attribute your source. I’ve even heard of one publisher who insisted on a signed release for each quotation. This is burdensome and a good reason to not use quotations.
For Indie Published Books
If you are indie-publishing your book, my opinion (not legal advice) is to cite all your sources. In my books, I try to avoid using any quotes, in any way, from any source. That’s the surest way to avoid getting sued for plagiarism.
However, in your case, this gets messy because the website where you found the quote may have copied it from someone else—that is, they stole it from the original author. Then you perpetuate their plagiarism—and their crime.
Final Thoughts about Citing Sources
If you can remove the quote and put the concept in your own words, that might be your best approach.
I am not a lawyer, so this is not legal advice about citing sources. It’s just my opinion. For a great resource on this subject—as well as other important legal considerations for writers—check out Helen Sedwick’s excellent book Self-Publisher’s Legal Handbook.